WELCOME TO CELEBRATING THE CENTENARY OF WOMEN LAWYERS
This website supports Celebrating the Centenary of Women Lawyers: an exhibition celebrating 100 years since the passing of the Sex Disqualification (Removal) Act 1919 and the first women lawyers. I have subsequently included details of my research on the opening of the legal profession to women for my PhD at Royal Holloway, University of London.
The exhibition was displayed at:
- Lincoln’s Inn (July 2017–June 2018);
- First 100 Years Conference (November 2017);
- The Camden Local Studies and Archive Centre (June 2018–October 2018);
- Conway Hall on 21 October as part of the Bloomsbury Festival 2018;
- The Manufacturing and Technology Centre, Coventry (November 2018);
- Manchester Civil Justice Centre (Apr 2019–August 2019); and
- University of Birmingham (January 2020-February 2020)
The Sex Disqualification (Removal) Act 1919 removed all legal barriers to women, including married women, working as lawyers. It meant that in England and Wales women wishing to become solicitors could apply to the Law Society and women wishing to become barristers could apply to one of the four Inns of Court (Lincoln’s Inn, Middle Temple, Inner Temple or Gray’s Inn) without fear of rejection based solely on the ground of their sex. This exhibition, in collaboration with First 100 Years and Royal Holloway, University of London, celebrates the achievements of the first women lawyers and commemorates the anniversary of this landmark legislation.
First 100 Years is a ground-breaking history project, supported by the Law Society and the Bar Council, charting the history of women in law since 1919. To find out more about the project please click here.
The exhibition tells the story of women like Bertha Cave who, when her application to Gray’s Inn was refused, sought (unsuccessfully) to appeal that decision; and Gwyneth Bebb, whose application to be admitted to the Law Society ended up in the Court of Appeal. ‘In point of intelligence and education and competency’, the Court of Appeal acknowledged that Miss Bebb was ‘probably, far better than’ many male candidates but, because she was a woman, in 1913 she could not be admitted to the Law Society ( Bebb v The Law Society  1 Ch 286).
The exhibition explains how it was that after a long struggle women were finally admitted to the legal profession and profiles some of the earliest female lawyers including Mary Sykes, a Royal Holloway College alumna and one of the first women solicitors, and Helena Normanton, the first woman to be admitted to any of the four Inns of Court and one of the first women to be appointed King’s (now Queen’s) counsel.
Although the passing of the Sex Disqualification (Removal) Act allowed women to become lawyers the struggle for equality did not end there and the exhibition highlights many of the inequalities and prejudices faced by the earliest female lawyers in England and Wales.
Today, one third of all practising barristers and approximately half of all practising solicitors are women. More than half of judges under 40 are female and over the course of the last five years more women than men have been admitted to the profession. This is remarkable considering that 100 years ago women were barred from the profession altogether. Of course, inequalities remain but, by taking the opportunity afforded by the forthcoming anniversary of the Sex Disqualification (Removal) Act 1919 to consider what has been achieved in the last 100 years, we can hope to look forward to greater equality in the next 100 years.